KluctlDeployment

KluctlDeployment documentation

The KluctlDeployment API defines a deployment of a target from a Kluctl Project .

Example

apiVersion: flux.kluctl.io/v1alpha1
kind: KluctlDeployment
metadata:
  name: microservices-demo-prod
spec:
  interval: 5m
  source:
    url: https://github.com/kluctl/kluctl-examples.git
    path: "./microservices-demo/3-templating-and-multi-env/"
  timeout: 2m
  target: prod
  context: default
  prune: true

In the above example a KluctlDeployment is being created that defines the deployment based on the Kluctl project.

The deployment is performed every 5 minutes. It will deploy the prod target and then prune orphaned objects afterwards.

It uses the default context provided by the default service account and thus overrides the context specified in the target definition.

Spec fields

source

The KluctlDeployment spec.source specifies the source repository to be used. Example:

apiVersion: flux.kluctl.io/v1alpha1
kind: KluctlDeployment
metadata:
  name: example
spec:
  source:
    url: https://github.com/kluctl/kluctl-examples.git
    path: path/to/project
    secretRef:
      name: git-credentials
    ref:
      branch: my-branch
  ...

The url specifies the git clone url. It can either be a https or a git/ssh url. Git/Ssh url will require a secret to be provided with credentials.

The path specifies the sub-directory where the Kluctl project is located.

The ref provides the Git reference to be used. It can either be a branch or a tag.

See Git authentication for details on authentication.

interval

See Reconciliation .

target

spec.target specifies the target to be deployed. It must exist in the Kluctl projects kluctl.yaml targets list.

This field is optional and can be omitted if the referenced Kluctl project allows deployments without targets.

targetNameOverride

spec.targetNameOverride will set or override the name of the target. This is equivalent to passing --target-name-override to kluctl deploy.

context

spec.context will override the context used while deploying. This is equivalent to passing --context to kluctl deploy.

deployMode

By default, the operator will perform a full deployment, which is equivalent to using the kluctl deploy command. As an alternative, the controller can be instructed to only perform a kluctl poke-images command. Please see https://kluctl.io/docs/reference/commands/poke-images/ for details on the command. To do so, set spec.deployMode field to poke-images.

Example:

apiVersion: flux.kluctl.io/v1alpha1
kind: KluctlDeployment
metadata:
  name: microservices-demo-prod
spec:
  interval: 5m
  source:
    url: https://github.com/kluctl/kluctl-examples.git
    path: "./microservices-demo/3-templating-and-multi-env/"
  timeout: 2m
  target: prod
  context: default
  deployMode: poke-images

prune

To enable pruning, set spec.prune to true. This will cause the controller to run kluctl prune after each successful deployment.

args

spec.args is an object representing arguments passed to the deployment. Example:

apiVersion: flux.kluctl.io/v1alpha1
kind: KluctlDeployment
metadata:
  name: example
spec:
  interval: 5m
  source:
    url: https://github.com/kluctl/kluctl-examples.git
    path: "./microservices-demo/3-templating-and-multi-env/"
  timeout: 2m
  target: prod
  context: default
  args:
    arg1: value1
    arg2: value2
    arg3:
      k1: v1
      k2: v2

The above example is equivalent to calling kluctl deploy -t prod -a arg1=value1 -a arg2=value2.

updateImages

spec.updateImages is a boolean that specifies whether images used via image.get_image(...) should use the latest image found in the registry.

This is equivalent to calling kluctl deploy -t prod -u

images

spec.images specifies a list of fixed images to be used by image.get_image(...) . Example:

apiVersion: flux.kluctl.io/v1alpha1
kind: KluctlDeployment
metadata:
  name: example
spec:
  interval: 5m
  source:
    url: https://example.com
  timeout: 2m
  target: prod
  images:
    - image: nginx
      resultImage: nginx:1.21.6
      namespace: example-namespace
      deployment: Deployment/example
    - image: registry.gitlab.com/my-org/my-repo/image
      resultImage: registry.gitlab.com/my-org/my-repo/image:1.2.3

The above example will cause the images.get_image("nginx") invocations of the example Deployment to return nginx:1.21.6. It will also cause all images.get_image("registry.gitlab.com/my-org/my-repo/image") invocations to return registry.gitlab.com/my-org/my-repo/image:1.2.3.

The fixed images provided here take precedence over the ones provided in the target definition .

spec.images is equivalent to calling kluctl deploy -t prod --fixed-image=nginx:example-namespace:Deployment/example=nginx:1.21.6 ... and to kluctl deploy -t prod --fixed-images-file=fixed-images.yaml with fixed-images.yaml containing:

images:
- image: nginx
  resultImage: nginx:1.21.6
  namespace: example-namespace
  deployment: Deployment/example
- image: registry.gitlab.com/my-org/my-repo/image
  resultImage: registry.gitlab.com/my-org/my-repo/image:1.2.3

It is advised to use dynamic targets instead of providing images directly in the ´KluctlDeployment` object.

dryRun

spec.dryRun is a boolean value that turns the deployment into a dry-run deployment. This is equivalent to calling kluctl deploy -t prod --dry-run.

noWait

spec.noWait is a boolean value that disables all internal waiting (hooks and readiness). This is equivalent to calling kluctl deploy -t prod --no-wait.

forceApply

spec.forceApply is a boolean value that causes kluctl to solve conflicts via force apply. This is equivalent to calling kluctl deploy -t prod --force-apply.

replaceOnError and forceReplaceOnError

spec.replaceOnError and spec.forceReplaceOnError are both boolean values that cause kluctl to perform a replace after a failed apply. forceReplaceOnError goes a step further and deletes and recreates the object in question. These are equivalent to calling kluctl deploy -t prod --replace-on-error and kluctl deploy -t prod --force-replace-on-error.

abortOnError

spec.abortOnError is a boolean value that causes kluctl to abort as fast as possible in case of errors. This is equivalent to calling kluctl deploy -t prod --abort-on-error.

includeTags, excludeTags, includeDeploymentDirs and excludeDeploymentDirs

spec.includeTags and spec.excludeTags are lists of tags to be used in inclusion/exclusion logic while deploying. These are equivalent to calling kluctl deploy -t prod --include-tag <tag1> and kluctl deploy -t prod --exclude-tag <tag2>.

spec.includeDeploymentDirs and spec.excludeDeploymentDirs are lists of relative deployment directories to be used in inclusion/exclusion logic while deploying. These are equivalent to calling kluctl deploy -t prod --include-tag <tag1> and kluctl deploy -t prod --exclude-tag <tag2>.

Reconciliation

The KluctlDeployment spec.interval tells the controller at which interval to try reconciliations. The interval time units are s, m and h e.g. interval: 5m, the minimum value should be over 60 seconds.

At each reconciliation run, the controller will check if any rendered objects have been changes since the last deployment and then perform a new deployment if changes are detected. Changes are tracked via a hash consisting of all rendered objects.

To enforce periodic full deployments even if nothing has changed, spec.deployInterval can be used to specify an interval at which forced deployments must be performed by the controller.

The KluctlDeployment reconciliation can be suspended by setting spec.suspend to true.

The controller can be told to reconcile the KluctlDeployment outside of the specified interval by annotating the KluctlDeployment object with reconcile.fluxcd.io/requestedAt.

On-demand execution example:

kubectl annotate --overwrite kluctldeployment/microservices-demo-prod reconcile.fluxcd.io/requestedAt="$(date +%s)"

Kubeconfigs and RBAC

As Kluctl is meant to be a CLI-first tool, it expects a kubeconfig to be present while deployments are performed. The controller will generate such kubeconfigs on-the-fly before performing the actual deployment.

The kubeconfig can be generated from 3 different sources:

  1. The default impersonation service account specified at controller startup (via --default-service-account)
  2. The service account specified via spec.serviceAccountName in the KluctlDeployment
  3. The secret specified via spec.kubeConfig in the KluctlDeployment.

The behavior/functionality of 1. and 2. is comparable to how the kustomize-controller handles impersonation, with the difference that a kubeconfig with a “default” context is created in-between.

spec.kubeConfig will simply load the kubeconfig from data.value of the specified secret.

Kluctl targets specify a context name that is expected to be present in the kubeconfig while deploying. As the context found in the generated kubeconfig does not necessarily have the correct name, spec.renameContexts allows to rename contexts to the desired names. This is especially useful when using service account based kubeconfigs, as these always have the same context with the name “default”.

Here is an example of a deployment that uses the service account “prod-service-account” and renames the context appropriately (assuming the Kluctl cluster config for the given target expects a “prod” context):

apiVersion: flux.kluctl.io/v1alpha1
kind: KluctlDeployment
metadata:
  name: example
  namespace: flux-system
spec:
  interval: 10m
  source:
    url: https://github.com/kluctl/kluctl-examples.git
    path: "./microservices-demo/3-templating-and-multi-env/"
  target: prod
  serviceAccountName: prod-service-account
  renameContexts:
    - oldContext: default
      newContext: prod

As an alternative to the above, one could also override the target’s context name:

apiVersion: flux.kluctl.io/v1alpha1
kind: KluctlDeployment
metadata:
  name: example
  namespace: flux-system
spec:
  interval: 10m
  source:
    url: https://github.com/kluctl/kluctl-examples.git
    path: "./microservices-demo/3-templating-and-multi-env/"
  target: prod
  serviceAccountName: prod-service-account
  context: default

Git authentication

The spec.source can optionally specify a spec.source.secretRef (see here ) which must point to an existing secret (in the same namespace) containing Git credentials.

Basic access authentication

To authenticate towards a Git repository over HTTPS using basic access authentication (in other words: using a username and password), the referenced Secret is expected to contain .data.username and .data.password values.

---
apiVersion: v1
kind: Secret
metadata:
  name: basic-access-auth
type: Opaque
data:
  username: <BASE64>
  password: <BASE64>

HTTPS Certificate Authority

To provide a Certificate Authority to trust while connecting with a Git repository over HTTPS, the referenced Secret can contain a .data.caFile value.

---
apiVersion: v1
kind: Secret
metadata:
  name: https-ca-credentials
  namespace: default
type: Opaque
data:
  caFile: <BASE64>

SSH authentication

To authenticate towards a Git repository over SSH, the referenced Secret is expected to contain identity and known_hosts fields. With the respective private key of the SSH key pair, and the host keys of the Git repository.

---
apiVersion: v1
kind: Secret
metadata:
  name: ssh-credentials
type: Opaque
stringData:
  identity: |
    -----BEGIN OPENSSH PRIVATE KEY-----
    ...
    -----END OPENSSH PRIVATE KEY-----    
  known_hosts: |
        github.com ecdsa-sha2-nistp256 AAAA...

Helm Repository authentication

Kluctl allows to integrate Helm Charts in two different ways. One is to pre-pull charts and put them into version control, making it unnecessary to pull them at deploy time. This option also means that you don’t have to take any special care on the controller side.

The other way is to let Kluctl pull Helm Charts at deploy time. In that case, you have to ensure that the controller has the necessary access to the Helm repositories. To add credentials for authentication, set the spec.helmCredentials field to a list of secret references:

Basic access authentication

apiVersion: flux.kluctl.io/v1alpha1
kind: KluctlDeployment
metadata:
  name: example
  namespace: flux-system
spec:
  interval: 10m
  source:
    url: https://github.com/kluctl/kluctl-examples.git
    path: "./microservices-demo/3-templating-and-multi-env/"
  target: prod
  serviceAccountName: prod-service-account
  context: default

  helmCredentials:
    - secretRef:
        name: helm-creds
---
apiVersion: v1
kind: Secret
metadata:
  name: helm-creds
  namespace: flux-system
stringData:
  url: https://example-repo.com
  username: my-user
  password: my-password

TLS authentication

For TLS authentication, see the following example secret:

apiVersion: v1
kind: Secret
metadata:
  name: helm-creds
  namespace: flux-system
data:
  certFile: <BASE64>
  keyFile: <BASE64>
  # NOTE: Can be supplied without the above values
  caFile: <BASE64>

Disabling TLS verification

In case you need to disable TLS verification (not recommended!), add the key insecureSkipTlsVerify with the value "true" (make sure it’s a string, so surround it with ").

Pass credentials

To enable passing of credentials to all requests, add the key passCredentialsAll with the value "true". This will pass the credentials to all requests, even if the hostname changes.

Secrets Decryption

Kluctl offers a SOPS Integration that allows to use encrypted manifests and variable sources in Kluctl deployments. Decryption by the controller is also supported and currently mirrors how the Secrets Decryption configuration of the Flux Kustomize Controller. To configure it in the KluctlDeployment, simply set the decryption field in the spec:

apiVersion: flux.kluctl.io/v1alpha1
kind: KluctlDeployment
metadata:
  name: example
  namespace: flux-system
spec:
  decryption:
    provider: sops
    secretRef:
      name: sops-keys
  ...

The sops-keys Secret has the same format as in the Flux Kustomize Controller .

AWS KMS with IRSA

In addition to the AWS KMS Secret Entry in the secret and the global AWS KMS authentication via the controller’s service account, the Kluctl controller also supports using the IRSA role of the impersonated service account of the KluctlDeployment (specified via serviceAccountName in the spec or --default-service-account):

apiVersion: v1
kind: ServiceAccount
metadata:
  name: kluctl-deployment
  namespace: flux-system
  annotations:
    eks.amazonaws.com/role-arn: arn:aws:iam::123456:role/my-irsa-enabled-role
---
kind: ClusterRoleBinding
apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1
metadata:
  name: kluctl-deployment
  namespace: flux-system
roleRef:
  apiGroup: rbac.authorization.k8s.io
  kind: ClusterRole
  # watch out, don't use cluster-admin if you don't trust the deployment
  name: cluster-admin
subjects:
  - kind: ServiceAccount
    name: kluctl-deployment
    namespace: flux-system
---
apiVersion: flux.kluctl.io/v1alpha1
kind: KluctlDeployment
metadata:
  name: example
  namespace: flux-system
spec:
  serviceAccountName: kluctl-deployment
  decryption:
    provider: sops
    # you can also leave out the secretRef if you don't provide addinional keys
    secretRef:
      name: sops-keys
  ...

Status

When the controller completes a deployments, it reports the result in the status sub-resource.

A successful reconciliation sets the ready condition to true and updates the revision field:

status:
  commonLabels:
    examples.kluctl.io/deployment-project: microservices-demo
    examples.kluctl.io/deployment-target: prod
  conditions:
  - lastTransitionTime: "2022-07-07T11:48:14Z"
    message: Deployed revision: master/2129450c9fc867f5a9b25760bb512054d7df6c43
    reason: ReconciliationSucceeded
    status: "True"
    type: Ready
  lastDeployResult:
    objectsHash: bc4d2b9f717088a395655b8d8d28fa66a9a91015f244bdba3c755cd87361f9e2
    result:
      hookObjects:
      - ...
      orphanObjects:
      - ...
      seenImages:
      - ...
      warnings:
      - ...
    revision: master/2129450c9fc867f5a9b25760bb512054d7df6c43
    targetName: prod
    time: "2022-07-07T11:49:29Z"
  lastPruneResult:
    objectsHash: bc4d2b9f717088a395655b8d8d28fa66a9a91015f244bdba3c755cd87361f9e2
    result:
      deletedObjects:
      - ...
    revision: master/2129450c9fc867f5a9b25760bb512054d7df6c43
    targetName: prod
    time: "2022-07-07T11:49:48Z"
  lastValidateResult:
    error: ""
    objectsHash: bc4d2b9f717088a395655b8d8d28fa66a9a91015f244bdba3c755cd87361f9e2
    result:
      errors:
      - ...
      ready: false
      results:
      - ...
    revision: master/2129450c9fc867f5a9b25760bb512054d7df6c43
    targetName: prod
    time: "2022-07-07T12:05:53Z"
  observedGeneration: 1

You can wait for the controller to complete a reconciliation with:

kubectl wait kluctldeployment/backend --for=condition=ready

A failed reconciliation sets the ready condition to false:

status:
  conditions:
  - lastTransitionTime: "2022-05-04T10:18:11Z"
    message: target invalid-name not found in kluctl project
    reason: PrepareFailed
    status: "False"
    type: Ready
  lastDeployResult:
    ...
  lastPruneResult:
    ...
  lastValidateResult:
    ...

Note that the lastDeployResult, lastPruneResult and lastValidateResult are only updated on a successful reconciliation.